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Oppose the Importation of European Bumblebees

STOP PRESS
Bumblebee Importation Rejected!

On 26th October 2008, Environment Minister, Peter Garrett, announced that he had rejected the AHGA request to allow the import of European bumblebees into mainland Australia! Click here to read the full media release: Bumblebee rejected for live import

Many thanks to everyone who supported this cause!

History of the AHGA Application to Import Live Bumblebees

In late April 2006, the Australian Hydroponic and Greenhouse Association (AHGA) took their second step in applying to import European bumble bees to the Australian mainland. They were asking the Federal Government to add the exotic bumblebee, Bombus terrestris, to Australia's list of species 'suitable for live import'. They wished to import bumblebees for the pollination of greenhouse tomatoes.

The AHGA wrote a draft report (see below) which was displayed for a period of public comment.

After a two year delay, the AHGA finally completed their application in 2008 and it was considered by Environment Minister, Peter Garrett. He decided to reject the application because it posed a serious risk to the Australian environment, native bee populations and native bird species. Minister Garrett said:

-- "The scientific evidence and advice I have received suggests that the environmental and economic risks of a large earth bumblebee population spreading throughout mainland Australia are significant."

-- "No matter how hard we try to contain them to greenhouses the risks of their escape into the environment are too great."

-- "They have the potential to contribute to the rapid spread of weeds, including exotic species that have not yet become established."

-- "Large earth bumblebees can upset pollination and damage flowers when taking nectar, potentially robbing native birds of food - many of these are already under threat because of habitat loss and destruction."

Read full Peter Garrett media release

Why Aussie Bee Says the Proposed Bumble Bee Importation Would Have Been a Disaster

European bumblebees slipped into Tasmania in 1992 and since then feral bumblebees have spread throughout most of that island. However, presently there are no bumble bees on the Australian mainland.

If introduced to the mainland, European bumblebees could cause widespread problems in our bushland, farms and urban gardens. For more details, read this ANBRC report.

In fact, the NSW Government has listed the introduction of this bumblebee as a Key Threatening Process and Victoria has listed it as a Potentially Threatening Process (see more links at the end of this update).

The Native Bee Alternative: Blue Banded Bees

Importantly, a native bee alternative pollinator is available (read a 2012 update on this project). This native bee could be an effective and practical solution for the tomato growers. Researchers at the University of Adelaide have shown that the Australian blue banded bee:

Can be bred year-round in large numbers;

Actively forages on greenhouse tomato crops throughout the temperature range used in Australian commercial greenhouses;

And produces tomatoes 15-20% heavier than those that are currently produced by growers using their conventional vibration wand pollination system.

The importation of foreign bumblebees should not have even been considered when research into this promising native bee alternative was so advanced.

The AHGA Importation Proposal: Inaccurate and Misleading

To support their application in 2006, the Australian Hydroponic and Greenhouse Association (AHGA) wrote a 105 page report. This report contained dozens of factual errors, misleading statements and half truths. Yet the Minister for the Environment was supposed to base his decision on this report.

It greatly understated the likely spread of feral bumble bees should they escape from the tomato greenhouses.

It presented out of date and misleading information about the research into a native bee alternative for the industry.

It failed to present important facts about key environmental issues such as the spread of invasive weeds.

It ignored or falsely described many papers published in respected scientific journals. Instead it relied heavily on personal communications and articles pubished in a magazine edited by the AHGA's vice president.

Take a look at Aussie Bee's analysis of the AHGA report including evidence from leading researchers in the field. (This file make take a few moments to load. Please be patient -- there is much that needs to be said.)

Further Information and Links about the Proposed Bumblebee Importation

This European bumblebee is listed as a Key Threatening Process by the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service.

The Victorian State Government brochure has published a brochure called Keep Victoria Bumblebee Free.

This Queensland State Government brochure asks the public to report any bumblebee sightings.

Related articles:
A detailed analysis of the AHGA report
What harm could exotic bumblebees do in Australia?
How far could feral bumblebees spread in Australia?

Bumblebees and invasive weeds
The native bee alternative to the bumblebee
How to identify a bumblebee
Have you seen a bumblebee on the Australian mainland?


An Australian Native Bee Research Centre Update
November 2008

and February 2012

© 1997-2012 Australian Native Bee Research Centre
PO Box 74, North Richmond NSW 2754, Australia